Butterfly Pattern in Forex

Butterfly Pattern in Forex: When you opt for Forex trading, the key to finding success is usually reading the patterns. When standards are discussed, you will hear a name mentioned quite consistently: HM Gartley.

Butterfly Pattern in Forex: When you opt for Forex trading, the key to finding success is usually reading the patterns. When standards are discussed, you will hear a name mentioned quite consistently: HM Gartley.

His harmonic patterns were famously linked to chart reading and are as useful today as they were in 1935, when they were first detailed in his book, "Profits in the Stock Market."

even though While there are several harmonic patterns—see the bat, crab, shark, and Gartley patterns, among others—the butterfly pattern remains the most prominent. The following is a complete breakdown to help you understand what they are, how they work, and how to use them.

Basics of the Butterfly Pattern

The butterfly pattern is, simply put, an inverse pattern with four legs. It is similar to the Gartley pattern in that it is marked as XA, AB, BC and CD. The butterfly pattern helps to identify the end of a price movement, which means you can enter the market during price reversal.

There are two versions: high, where you buy, and low, where you sell. Overall accuracy is key when it comes to using the butterfly pattern because accuracy allows an investor to eliminate errors.

Here is an example of a bearish butterfly pattern developing on the GBP/USD chart.

Note the relative resistance index below, which affirms the downtrend indicating overbought levels, indicative of falling prices:

Butterfly Patterns in Forex

The actual pattern structure has a variety of interpretations that can be applied to Forex trading, primarily because the butterfly pattern gives traders the ability to go long or short at new lows, or highs, unlike the Gartley pattern that is commonly discussed around the world. side.

This is because wave D of the butterfly pattern goes beyond the initial position of wave XA, and the butterfly pattern depends on point B. Point B defines the structure of the pattern and establishes the other measures that determine trading opportunities in the pattern.

Comparisons with the Gartley pattern

The similarities between the Gartley pattern and the butterfly pattern are in their construction: five points and four legs. However, there are some important differences.

Outside of what was briefly mentioned above, the most notable difference is that the butterfly is an extension pattern, not a retracement pattern, which means that the D point of the butterfly extends beyond the initial X point.

On the EUR/JPY chart below, notice how point D only represents a pullback towards the X, rather than an extension beyond. This is the main feature of a Gartley pattern rather than a butterfly pattern.

Butterfly Patterns in Forex

Also, a butterfly pattern offers a higher probability of trading success than a Gartley pattern, according to statistics.

Another notable factor is that the inversions after the butterfly is completed also tend to be more pronounced.

Advantages of using the Butterfly Pattern

Given its wide usage, it is no surprise that the butterfly pattern offers distinct benefits to Forex traders. These advantages include:

  • The butterfly pattern is easy to identify and understand. For beginners, the butterfly pattern is more accessible and identifiable than other types of chart patterns, which can make it a popular pattern early on in your trading strategy development. Even for experienced operators, the simplistic design of the pattern can be attractive because of its ease of use.
  • Comparing to other chart patterns, the butterfly pattern can offer strong indications. No chart pattern is foolproof, and even the most reliable Forex indicators can lead traders astray in any trade. Likewise, it is never recommended to base your trading strategy and/or overall trading strategy on a single chart pattern. That said, the butterfly pattern is favored largely because it is a more consistent source of accurate Forex information.


  • Frivolous evidence suggests that the butterfly pattern is one of the best ways to identify profit opportunities. Many experienced traders believe that the predictive value of a butterfly pattern is greater than that of other approaches, including the Gartley pattern.

Disadvantages of using the Butterfly Pattern

Forex traders are still looking for the perfect chart pattern to inform profit-generating trades every time. As a result, even widely used tools like the butterfly pattern have certain disadvantages that operators should be aware of. These include:

  • Harmonic trading patterns require a broader knowledge of forex analysis to contextualize forecast patterns. Due to its rigid pattern structure, it is important to combine the butterfly pattern with other indicators and chart patterns to validate the configuration and indications offered by this chart pattern.


  • The inflexible structure can be a point of frustration for some operators. Due to its rules around Fibonacci retracement levels, it is uncommon for the butterfly pattern to develop, and many traders looking for the butterfly pattern in development end up frustrated with failure to follow the complete pattern. This can lead to wasted energy in monitoring potential settings.


  • In general, the butterfly pattern is identified less frequently than the Gartley. As the Gartley pattern is more common to detect and offers similar trading insights based on comparable data points, traders may find it more practical than the butterfly pattern.


  • For many investors, successfully using the butterfly pattern requires a process of trial and error.. If you're just starting to use the butterfly pattern in trading, you can expect some failures along the way — both in terms of identifying useful patterns and properly contextualizing them to make the strongest trading decision.

Ways to detect the Butterfly Pattern

We've said it before and we'll say it again: the butterfly pattern shares more than just a passing resemblance to the Gartley pattern.

On a price chart, both will take the shape of a heavily slanted "W" or "M" in appearance.

The key to identifying a butterfly pattern and differentiating it from a Gartley pattern is that a butterfly pattern ends at the union of extension levels of  Fibonacci different, Gartley pattern is completed at the union of a Fibonacci retracement and extension.

The beauty of the butterfly pattern comes through its symmetry, which occurs between the two triangles that connect at point B. As with other geometric patterns, a sell or buy signal occurs when the pattern ends at point D.

Naturally, traders are eager to spot these patterns as they develop, in hopes of maximizing their potential gains.

Given that the butterfly pattern is a five-point pattern, it can take some time for it to develop, and anyone watching butterfly charts in progress will likely spot many false entries.

That said, a few data points can help indicate the potential of a butterfly pattern. One of them is the level of retraction AB; The throwback ideal for this leg is 0,786.

If you see this development, you are three-fifths of the way towards a butterfly.

Likewise, the retracement from points A to C should be close to 0,527 to show continued trend progression.

And watch point D rise above X to an official extent – ​​until that happens, you don't technically have a butterfly pattern.

Uses of the Butterfly Pattern to identify bullish and bearish patterns

One of the simplest features of the butterfly pattern is how its orientation easily indicates bullish and bearish settings.

When points X and D are situated below points A and C on the chart, for example, this indicates a bullish setup.

The butterfly pattern indicates that a price increase is likely after point D reaches full retracement.

On the other hand, a bearish pattern is identified when points X and D are situated above points A and C, creating an inverted butterfly pattern from a bullish setup.

The bearish trading strategy also reflects the bullish setup. When the CD line reaches its full Fibonacci extension, the butterfly pattern anticipates a subsequent price drop.

Because the butterfly pattern is so unusual as a trading strategy, it is usually the first indicator or chart pattern used to evaluate a trade.

Rather than turning to the butterfly pattern to confirm bullish or bearish indications of other aspects of your trading strategy, you are much more likely to start your trading analysis by identifying a butterfly pattern and then use other indicators and/or chart patterns to validate the indication. bearish or bullish — and then open a position as a result.

These butterfly patterns can also help you set a stop-loss above or below point D to minimize your losses if your prediction is wrong. Other indicators, such as volume indicators, can help you determine how long to hold a position before closing and profiting from the rise or fall in price.

Rules for trading the Butterfly Pattern

You're likely to hear about the butterfly pattern discussed routinely in business circles, which tells you a lot about how common it is. Here are the most basic rules about the butterfly pattern:

The starting point is the XA leg, which is the basis for the pattern and everything that follows the leg.

  • The AB leg cannot go beyond point X.
  • Leg BC cannot go beyond point A.
  • The CD leg must go beyond the X point (unlike the Gartley pattern discussed above).
  • The end point of D on the CD must equal or exceed point B.

It is also important to note that the butterfly pattern must have an “AB equals CD” pattern, which is a minimum requirement.

It doesn't matter if you are a novice trader or an experienced investor — you should never underestimate the effectiveness of chart patterns as a trading tool.

They are key when it comes to signaling a reversal or continuation of the current trend and identifying entry and exit points for a position. The butterfly pattern, in particular, can be a revelation in defining the end of price movements.

When used effectively, the butterfly pattern can predict future price action with high probability, making it an indispensable tool among Forex traders.

Butterfly Pattern in Forex: When you opt for Forex trading, the key to finding success is usually reading the patterns. When standards are discussed, you will hear a name mentioned quite consistently: HM Gartley.FAQ


Which harmonic pattern is the best?
There is no single harmonic pattern that is proven to work best. Gartley and ABCD are popular, but that doesn't necessarily mean they're better harmonic patterns. Traders should focus on learning the correct way to form these patterns for trading.
Are harmonic patterns profitable?
The answer is yes, as they offer attractive business setups. Otherwise, their scarcity would make them less popular. However, their reliability and efficiency make harmonies formations very profitable for trading.
How many harmonic patterns are there?
The most commonly used harmonic patterns are Gartley, ABCD, Bat Pattern, Butterfly Pattern, Crab Pattern, Cypher Pattern and the Shark Pattern. Traders mainly focus on trading Gartley and ABCD patterns as they are the most frequent harmonic patterns on charts.





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