Nazarin ya bayyana manyan bambance-bambance a cikin alamun ƙanƙara tsakanin barkewar halin yanzu da na baya

Nazarin ya bayyana manyan bambance-bambance a cikin alamun ƙanƙara tsakanin barkewar halin yanzu da na baya

Hukumar lafiya ta duniya ta ayyana bullar cutar kyandar biri a matsayin gaggawar lafiya a duniya. Sama da mutane 16.000 ne aka samu rahoton bullar cutar a kasashe 75.

Cutar sankarau ta farko ta bulla a shekara ta 2003. A cikin wannan barkewar, duk mutanen da suka kamu da cutar ta Monkeypox sun kamu da rashin lafiya bayan sun hadu da karnukan dabbobi.

Wani sabon bincike da aka buga a cikin BMJ ya gano bambance-bambance masu yawa a cikin alamun cutar sankarau tsakanin bullar cutar a halin yanzu da kuma bullar cutar a baya a yankuna masu fama da cutar. An fitar da sakamakon daga mutane 197 da aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar ta Monkeypox da aka yi rikodin tsakanin Mayu da Yuli 2022 a wata cibiyar cututtuka da ke Landan.

Wasu bayyanar cututtuka na yau da kullum, ciki har da ciwon dubura da kumburin azzakari (edema), sun bambanta da waɗanda aka kwatanta a cikin fashewar baya.

Don haka, masana kimiyya sun shawarci likitoci su yi la'akari da kamuwa da cutar sankarau a cikin mutanen da ke da irin wannan alamun. Bugu da ƙari, sun bayyana cewa mutanen da ke da manyan raunuka na azzakari ko kuma ciwo mai tsanani da ke hade da kamuwa da cutar kyandar biri "ya kamata a yi la'akari da su don ci gaba da kimantawa ko magani na asibiti."

Dukkan mahalarta 197 a cikin wannan binciken maza ne (ma'anar shekaru 38), waɗanda 196 suka gano a matsayin ɗan luwaɗi, bisexual ko wasu mazan da suka yi jima'i da maza. Duk marasa lafiya suna da raunuka na fata ko mucosal, yawanci akan al'aura ko yankin perianal.

Yawancin (86%) na marasa lafiya sun ba da rahoton cututtuka na tsarin (ya shafi dukan jiki). Mafi yawan bayyanar cututtuka na tsarin su ne zazzabi (62%), kumburin lymph nodes (58%), da ciwon tsoka (32%).

Bugu da ƙari kuma, 38% na marasa lafiya suna da alamun bayyanar cututtuka bayan ci gaba da cututtuka na mucocutaneous, ya bambanta da rahotannin da suka gabata wanda ya nuna alamun tsarin tsarin kafin cututtuka na fata, yayin da 14% yana da raunuka marasa alamun tsarin. makogwaro, kumburin azzakari 31, raunin baki 27, raunin kadaici guda 22 da kumbura tara. halaye na kamuwa da cutar sankarau kuma ana iya rikicewa da wasu yanayi. Kusan kashi uku (36%) na mahalarta suma sun kamu da cutar kanjamau, kuma kashi 32 cikin XNUMX na wadanda aka tantance don kamuwa da cutar ta hanyar jima'i suna da cutar ta hanyar jima'i.

"Gaba ɗaya, 20 (10%) na mahalarta an shigar da su a asibiti don sarrafa alamun bayyanar cututtuka, yawanci zafi da kumburin azzakari. Koyaya, ba a bayar da rahoton mace-mace ba kuma babu majiyyata da ke buƙatar kulawa mai zurfi a asibiti. ”

Mahalarta daya ne kawai ya yi balaguro kwanan nan zuwa yankin da ke fama da cutar, yana mai tabbatar da ci gaba da yaduwa a cikin Burtaniya, kuma kashi ɗaya bisa huɗu na marasa lafiya sun san tuntuɓar wani da aka tabbatar da kamuwa da cutar sankara, yana ƙara yuwuwar yaduwa daga mutanen da ba su da alamun cutar. . "

Mawallafa sun yarda da wasu ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun bayanai, irin su yanayin lura da abubuwan da aka gano, yuwuwar sauye-sauyen rikodin rikodin asibiti, da gaskiyar cewa bayanan sun iyakance ga cibiyar guda ɗaya.

"Duk da haka, binciken ya tabbatar da yadda cutar sankarau ke ci gaba da yaduwa a cikin al'umma da ba a taba ganin irinta ba tsakanin 'yan luwadi da madigo da sauran maza da ke yin jima'i da mazan da aka gani a Burtaniya da sauran kasashen da ba su da cutar."

Maganar jarida:

    1. Patel A, Bilinska J, Tam JCH, Da Silva Fontoura D, Mason CY, Daunt A et al. Siffofin asibiti da sabbin gabatarwar cutar sankarau ta ɗan adam a tsakiyar tsakiyar Landan yayin fashewar 2022: jerin shari'o'in bayyananne. BMJ 2022; 378: e072410. DOI: 10.1136/BMJ-2022-072410

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