Sabuwar tauraro da aka gano yana ɗaukar shekaru huɗu kacal don yawo a cikin black hole

Sabuwar tauraro da aka gano yana ɗaukar shekaru huɗu kacal don yawo a cikin black hole

Unguwar baƙar fata da ke kusa da tsakiyar taurarinmu ta ƙunshi tarin taurari masu yawa. Wannan gungu, wanda aka sani da S cluster, ya ƙunshi taurari sama da ɗari waɗanda suka bambanta cikin haske da girma. Musamman, taurarin S suna tafiya musamman da sauri.

Ta hanyar yin amfani da ingantaccen bincike da hanyoyin lura da suka shafe kusan shekaru ashirin, masana kimiyya daga Jami'ar Cologne da Jami'ar Masaryk a Brno (Jamhuriyar Czech) sun gano tauraro mafi sauri da aka sani, wanda ke tafiya a kusa da rami mai duhu a lokacin rikodin rikodin.

Tauraron da ake kira S4716 yana ɗaukar shekaru huɗu kacal kafin ya zagaya black hole a tsakiyar tauraronmu - Sagittarius A. Yana tafiyar kilomita 8.000 a cikin daƙiƙa guda. Tauraron yana da mafi guntuwar lokacin kewayawa a kusa da ramin baki. Ya zo a cikin 100 AU (nau'in astronomical) na black hole.

Dr. Florian Peissker, daya daga cikin jagororin marubutan sabon binciken, ya ce, "Don tauraro ya kasance a cikin kusanci da sauri da kwanciyar hankali a kusa da wani babban rami na baki ya kasance ba zato ba tsammani kuma yana nuna iyakar da za a iya kiyaye shi da na'urar hangen nesa na gargajiya."

“Bugu da ƙari, binciken yana ba da sabon haske kan asali da juyin halittar taurari masu saurin tafiya a cikin zuciyar Milky Way. Ƙwararren ɗan gajeren lokaci na S4716 yana da ban sha'awa sosai," Michael Zajaček, masanin ilimin taurari a Jami'ar Masaryk a Brno, ya shiga cikin binciken. “Taurari ba za su iya yin sauƙi a kusa da bakin rami ba. S4716 dole ne ya matsa ciki, alal misali, kusantar sauran taurari da abubuwa a cikin cluster S, wanda ya sa kewayarsa ya ragu sosai."

Maganar Diary:

    Florian Peißker, Andreas Eckart et al. Duban S4716-tauraro mai zagaye na shekaru 4 a kusa da Sgr A*. Jaridar Astrophysical, Volume 933, Lamba 1. DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ac752f

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